The recent study conducted by Ms. Anshu Bhatt and

The use of digital technology, including computers,
cell phones, computer games, and so on most recently, on-the-go for
recreational purposes, has increased among our youth over the past 15 years.
Children and adolescent between the ages of 8 to 18 years spend an average of 5-6
hours per day using information and communication technologies. It is a useful
progress because of the increase of internet usage which is unlimited,
uncontrolled and uninhibited. This state can cause to some important negative
results too. The computer games, the internet explore is gradually affecting
social life of children and adolescent. With this background the present study
was undertaken with the following objectives .To

 •
Find out the Socio economic background of Adolescent girls using facebook and
WhatsApp

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 •
Study the extent of addiction of adolescent girls towards facebook and WhatsApp

 •
Analyse the effect of WhatsApp and facebook on academic performance of
adolescent girls and

• Study the stress faced by adolescent
girls in using Facebook and WhatsApp.

REVIEW
OF LITERATURE

A recent study conducted by Ms. Anshu Bhatt and Dr.
Mohd. Arshad (2016) on the topic “Impact of WhatsApp on youth: A
Sociological Study”, among the youth at Agra region revealed that WhatsApp
is much quicker and more convenient way to interact with people which enhances
the effective flow of messages and ideas among youth. Indeed intensity of
WhatsApp is very high among youth because it reduces calling and SMS costs. The
study concluded that every invention has its pros and cons. So WhatsApp also
has the greater drawback for its highly addictive nature. There is a very
narrow line between the favorite pass time and the addiction of WhatsApp on
youth. They delete WhatsApp but after couple of days, they again launch it. It
is the major reason for having negative impact on youth’s psychology. Most of
the time, youth seems stuck with their cell-phones for knowing each and every
moment of other person’s personal life. They also involve others in their small
decisions or forcing their ideas on other decision which can be proved
dangerous and hazardous for personal liberty.

According to a report by Jacob Poushter (2015) on
the title “Internet Seen as Positive Influence on Education but Negative
on Morality in Emerging and Developing Nations Internet Usage, More Common
Among the Young, Well-Educated and English Speakers” expressed that
technology use in 32 emerging and developing nations, has high internet access
rates, and cell phone and smart phone ownership. It also examines internet and
mobile activities, as well as public opinion regarding the internet’s impact on
society. It explored the internet usage, including what groups are more likely
to have internet access, as well as computer, landline and cell phone ownership
rates. It found out the activities that internet users engage in online,
including social, informational, commercial, and educational tasks, as well as
social networking rates. It also examined the effect of the internet on various
aspects of people’s lives, including on education, politics, and morality.

A study entitled “Social networking addiction:
are the youth of India and united states addicted?” conducted by Shivani
arora and Daniel Okunbor(2015) concluded that Facebook has become an integral
part of respondents’ life. It justifies being a global phenomenon since the
opinion/usage pattern all fall within the same range. The gen-next seems to be
bordering on the symptoms of Facebook Addiction (using it for more than an hour
or probably more, accessing it more than 3 times a day, first thing in the
morning , last thing at night), having a lot of online and less offline
friends. The respondents from US seem to be using it more for professional
purpose as opposed to Indian users, who are using it for entertainment.

According to the research conducted by Johnson
Yeboah Dominic Ewur Takoradi Polytechnic,Ghana (2014) on the topic
“Impact of WhatsApp (application of social networking) messenger on
academic performance of youth”, found out that WhatsApp has negative
impact on the study of youth. It engendered procrastination related problem,
error of spellings and grammatical construction of sentences. Therefore it is
difficult to balance simultaneously the online activities and academic
performance with whatsapp.

In a study conducted by Shivani Arora (2014) on the
topic “Social Networking-A Study of Indian Youth”, the author
discusses about the impact of social networking among Indian youth. It was
concluded that Social networking sways towards some symptoms of addiction. So,
those that have been traced like checking Social Networking websites before
going to sleep and then staying glued to the same for hours causing mental and
physical health deterioration, should be considered. The students should be
informed of the perils associated with using Social Networking websites and
should be advised to use them cautiously. The wisdom of the youth is also
depicted in the fact that in the wake of some circumstances, they are ready to
be monitored but feel that the Government should do it within limits.

The study conducted by Y.A. Modi & I.S. Gandhi
(2014) on the topic “Internet sociology: Impact of Facebook addiction on
the lifestyle and other recreational activities of the Indian youth”
reveals that academics and social interaction are most affected due to the
excessive usage of Facebook. It was also found that while assessing the
relationship between Facebook usage and academic performance the Facebook users
were seen to spend less time studying than the other students.

 

RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY

Research Design

The research design adopted by the researcher is
exploratory in nature. It is an investigation with adequate interpretation.

 

Universe of the study

The universe of this study includes the adolescent
girls using Facebook and WhatsApp in Coimbatore.

Sampling

Sampling is a technique of choosing respondents for
the study from the total number or simply the universe. The researcher used the
purposive sampling technique for collecting data. The researcher selected adolescent
girls from schools and colleges. The data was collected from 60 adolescent
girls.

Tools used for data collection

 The
researcher used interview schedule to collect data from the students. The
interview schedule contained questions about Socio economic status, extent of
using the facebook and WhatsApp applications, stress faced while using these
applications and the academic performance of the students using these
applications.

Analysis and interpretation of the data

The data thus collected were consolidated, tabulated
and analysed with the appropriate statistical tools such as frequency and
percentage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency and simple percentage

            To
calculate the simple percentage method, the following formula used. 

            Simple
percentage = (Number of samples/Total number of samples) x 100

 

TABULATION

SOCIO – ECONOMIC
PROFILE

 

Particulars

Respondents

Percentage (%)

Age
group
12
– 14
15
– 16
17
– 19

 
6
19
35

 
10
32
58

Father’s
Education
II
Literate
Primary
Education
Higher
Secondary
Education
College/University

 
1
13
23
23

 
2
22
38
38

Mother’s
Education
II
Literate
Primary
Education
Higher
Secondary
Education
College/University

 
3
13
25
19

 
5
22
41
32

Monthly
income
Less
than 10,000
11,000-20,000
21,000-30,000
31,000-40,000
41,000-50,000
More
than 50,000

 
3
16
7
9
8
17

 
5
27
12
15
13
28

 

Frequency of usage

Applications

Frequency

Respondents

Percentage (%)

Facebook

Less than 5 times

34

57

 

5-10 times

13

22

 

More than 10 times

3

5

 

Nil

10

16

Whats App

Less than 5 times

18

30

 

5-10 times

20

33

 

More than 10 times

22

37

 

Nil

0

0

Extent
of Addiction

Extent of Addiction

No of Respondents = 60

Always

Rarely

Sometimes

Never

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

Stuck
with these applications

22

37

13

21

19

32

6

10

Satisfaction
while usage

12

20

14

23

23

39

11

18

Bored
without usage

18

30

18

30

16

27

8

13

Efforts
to control the usage

16

27

20

33

17

28

7

12

Hidden
usage from family and friends

38

63

9

15

11

18

2

4

Accepting
unknown friend requests

37

62

14

23

6

10

3

5

Posting
achievements and issues

27

45

15

25

12

20

6

10

Control
during Examination

7

12

7

12

19

31

27

45

Eating
while using it

35

59

10

16

11

19

4

6

Class
groups

25

42

6

10

20

33

9

15

 

Stress
Faced while using Facebook and WhatsApp

Stress Factors

No of Respondents = 60

Always

Rarely

Sometimes

Never

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

Physical
Discomfort
 

21

35

22

37

16

27

1

1

Depression
 

31

51

17

28

7

13

5

8

Sleeplessness
 

20

33

17

28

14

24

9

15

Usage
of smart phones
 
under
the pillow

17

28

7

13

13

22

23

37

Disturbances
from
 
unknown
contacts

6

10

21

35

15

25

18

30

Yelling
at parents

25

42

20

33

10

17

5

8

Irritation

28

47

13

21

10

17

9

15

 

Academic
Performance

Academic Performances

No of Respondents = 60

Always

Rarely

Sometimes

Never

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

No of girls

%

Difficulty
to Concentrate during exams

34

57

9

15

12

20

5

8

Grammar
and Vocabulary affected

22

37

19

32

11

18

8

13

Studies
Affected
 

30

50

16

27

11

18

3

5

Reduction
in marks

35

58

7

12

0

0

18

30

Sharing
notes through the application

31

5

8

20

15

25

2

3

Reduction
of Extra curricular activities

23

39

8

13

17

28

12

20

 

FINDINGS, SUGGESTIONS
AND CONSLUSION

 

Findings Related to Socio-Economic
Status

• Among 60 respondents, majority of the girls (58%)
are in the age group of 17-19 years.

 • Out of 60
respondents, it was found that very negligible per cent of fathers are
illiterate (2%). It was also found that maximum of the fathers (38%) have
completed their college and equally (38%) have completed their higher secondary
education.

 • It was also
found that only 5% of the mothers are illiterate and maximum mothers (41%) have
completed their higher secondary education.

• 28% of the respondents’ family income is more than
250,000 and 27% of the respondents’ family income is in the range
211,000-220,000 which leads to the conclusion that both middle class and upper
middle class girls are equally using the mobiles and internet. So we can
conclude that presently all the adolescent girls are accessing internet.

Findings Related to Frequency of usage
of Facebook and WhatsApp

 • It is encouraging to note that 57% of
the girls use Facebook only less than 5 times per day and only 5% of the girls
are using 10 times per day.

•  It is also
found that 10 girls were not using Facebook regularly as they are not having
personal computers and some of them hadn’t downloaded the Facebook application
in their mobile phones.

 •  On the contrary 37% of the girls are using
WhatsApp more than 10 times a day and 22% of them are using 5-10 times a day.

 •  This reveals that girls are frequently using
WhatsApp than Facebook . We can also expect this percentage to increase in a
higher level as the WhatsApp and Facebook applications are being updated
regularly for the benefits of the users.

Findings Related to Extent of Addiction
to Facebook and WhatsApp

• It is seen that 37% of the girls are
always stuck with the Facebook and WhatsApp and this shows that the addiction
factor is more among the adolescent girls.

• It is also found that 30% of the girls
are always feeling bored without using these applications. So this shows that
boredom without using these applications is present among the girls and it is a
negative phenomenon that these applications begins to interfere with their
lives.

• It is shocking to know that 63% of the
girls are always hiding their online activities from their family members and
only 4% of the girls never hide their online activities from their family
members. So this shows that most of the girls are feeling insecure to reveal
their online activities to their family members and it is a disappointing
factor.

• It is also found out that 62% of the
girls always accept unknown friend requests and only 4% of the girls never
accept friend requests from unknown contacts. Though this shows that
socialising characteristics of the girls have increased it is also important to
note that this may also lead to relationship crisis. Because currently we can
observe most of the relationship issues are due to these social media.

• Another important factor is using
these applications while eating and 59% of the girls are always doing so. It is
an unhealthy practise and it also disrupts the family bonding. • It is also
seen that 42% of the girls are always involved in class group formations using
these applications. So this is a positive indication that the girls are
socially active and possess social consciousness and slowly going to addiction
to these applications.

 

 

Findings Related to Stress Faced while
using Facebook and WhatsApp

• It is revealed that 35% of the girls
always face physical discomfort while using these applications. The physical
discomforts include eye pain, head ache and numbness of fingers due to
prolonged usage. It is important to note that when the girls continue to follow
these activities they might get serious physical illness.

• It is also sad to see that 51% of the
girls always undergo depression when they are controlled from using these
applications and this is a serious problem for the adolescents in present age.

• It is heartening to see that most of
the girls (37%) are never hiding their usage of smart phones under the pillow
but on a lesser difference, 28% of the girls always hide their usage. So it is
the responsibility of the parents to watch the girls and take care of them.

 •
30% of the girls never get disturbances from unknown contacts and only 10% of
the girls always gets such disturbances and while asked about the solutions the
girls said that they used to block the contacts whom they feel unsafe.

• It is visible that 42% of the girls
always yell at their parents when they restrict their internet usage and this
is negative factor as they are getting angry when someone is controlling their
usage and this yelling leads to anxiety and depression.

• 47% of the girls are always feeling
irritated without using this applications and only 15% of the girls never feel
irritated without using these applications. This irritation may lead to serious
psychosomatic illness in the future.

 

 

 

 

Findings Related to Academic Performance
while using Facebook and WhatsApp

• Academic performance is much affected because 57%
of the girls always find it difficult to concentrate during their examination
and 20% of the girls sometimes find it difficult to concentrate during
examination. These applications have become a distraction.

 • It is visual
that the girls face problems in grammatical construction of sentences and
spelling as 37% of the girls say their grammar and vocabulary is always
affected.

• It is shocking that 50% of the girls feel that
their studies are always affected and only 5% feel that their studies are not
affected. As studies are affected it also impacts on their marks and it is
visible that 58% of the students feel that their marks are always affected.
This clearly reveals that their academic performance has gone to a lower level.

• It is good to note that 52% of the girls use these
applications to share their study related notes.

 • It is
obvious that the extra-curricular activities would reduce if the girls indulge
in internet and it can be seen that 39% of the girls always feel in the same
way.

Suggestions

• It is important for Adolescent girls to update
knowledge about the upcoming technology but it is not necessary to get addicted
to the same.

• Adolescence is the crucial period for every girl,
so they should try to develop themselves intellectually than wasting more time
on internet and social media.

• It is also important for parents to keenly observe
their children on the kinds of websites they are investing their time, so they
can avoid unnecessary problems in future

 • Parents
should also try to spend more time with their children and connect emotionally
so that girls can connect more with family than with mobiles and computers

• Awareness should be created among School and
college girls regarding the pros and cons of the social media so that they can
use it effectively.

Conclusion

Adolescence means “To grow into maturity”.
It is a bio-social transition between childhood and adulthood. Adolescence
refers to the behavioural characteristics of this period that are influenced by
culture and physical change. The innocence, boisterousness and transparent
naivety of childhood seem to be vanishing like dew before sun. Very few
adolescent girls have passed through this stage of turbulence with poise and
precision but most get shaken and weakened due to the enormous convulsive
changes of physiological, sociological and psychological dimensions. They tend
to suffer from swinging moods and emotional instability. As an adolescent they
crave for companionship. They need someone to confide their secrets. This is
now more possible through internet and social networking. Thus the findings of
the present study also reveal that the Adolescent girls are addicted to
Facebook and WhatsApp and they undergo physical discomfort and their academic
performance is also affected. Although most of them are aware that they get
distracted they undergo an inner urge to use it regularly. This is a serious
issue which should be noted in the current scenario. As foreign countries are
planning to list internet addictions under mental disorders, we should be
careful enough to uproot this problem as much as we can. There should be a
limit in using the Social networking sites and use it in a proper way.
Technology should only improve the standards of people without disrupting their
lives. So it is in the hands of the Social networking users to take care of the
physical, psychological and psychosomatic health in a better way.