Rosa ParksRosa Parks was an astonishing woman who helped to change our country. She helped in the Civil Rights Movement for equal rights for African Americans. She did one simple thing that led up to her doing many complicated things for our country. That one simple thing changed our lives. Rosa “stood up by sitting down.”On February 4, 1913, Rosa Louise was born to the McCauley family in Tuskegee, Alabama. James McCauley, Rosa’s father, left her family to find a job as a carpenter. Soon after, Rosa and her family moved in with her grandparents. Rosa got married to Raymond Parks at the young age of 19. Raymond worked as a barber, participated in the civil rights movement, and was a member of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).Later in 1943, Parks joined the NAACP and she gets elected to be E.D. Nixon’s secretary. In 1949, Parks becomes a NAACP Youth Council advisor. Six years later, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. met Rosa. Later that year, on December 1, 1955 Rosa is arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man. The Montgomery Bus Boycott began on December 5, 1955, four days after the arrest. That same day, the trial for Rosa occured. She was guilty and was to pay fines. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was led by many African Americans and the famous Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.Rosa started to grow old, but that did not end her work. Many months after the boycott started, bus segregation laws were abolished, and the boycott ended. Rosa and Raymond moved to Detroit, and Rosa started to work for 2 years at the Virginia University. When Rosa returned to Detroit, she opened her own sewing factory. In 1963, Rosa participated in the famous March On Washington. 1977 is a sad year for Rosa, as her husband and brother both die. In 1979, Rosa gets awarded the special annual Spingarn Medal from the NAACP. That year, Rosa’s mother passed as well. The Rosa L. Parks Scholarship Foundation is formed in 1980. In 1987, The Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development was established. Rosa’s first book was published in 1992. Her book is called Rosa Parks: My Story and is a autobiography. In 1996, President Clinton awards Rosa with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1998, Rosa gets named one of the 100 Most Important People of the Century by Time magazine. In 1999, Rosa gets awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by the Congress. Sadly, Rosa died on October 24, 2005, with her funeral lasting over 7 hours on November 2, 2005.Rosa was a wonderful woman who lived a hard life, but that did not stop her. We celebrate the Montgomery Bus Boycott annually on December 1st. Rosa helped us be where we are today. She did not help our country for fame, but out of the kindness of her heart. Rosa was an amazing role model.