Pollution cigarette butts are the number one item littering

Pollution is one of the dangerous thing that we must reduce in our world and it can happen when pollutants change the natural surroundings which can brings the changes that affect our health and normal lifestyles. Besides, it is occurs in different forms such as air, water, soil, radioactive, noise, heat and light. The most dangerous pollution is air pollution. Air pollution is a growing threat to human health and the natural environment that can effect our body . Air pollution may be described as contamination of the atmosphere by liquid, gaseous, or solid wastes that can effect human health and habitat of plants and attack materials,animals, reduce visibility. For example, ozone is pollutant produced when many of these primary chemicals react in sunlight in the atmosphere and it can pollute the air around us. It may cause diseases, allergies or death of humans. It may also cause harm to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, and may damage the natural or built environment. A recent article by (Bell, 1997) Dr. Mercola the study,published in The Lancet, revealed that 9 million premature deaths were caused by pollution in 2015, which is 16 percent of deaths worldwide “three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and 15 times more than from all wars and other forms of violence,” the researchers wrote. How to reduce the pollution? There are some effect and how to prevent pollution. There are many negative effects of pollution. First,air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. A recent article by the Conserve Energy Future (Demirbas, 2016)says that pollutants are the components of pollution which are waste materials of different forms. Excessive burning of fuel which happens in our daily lives for driving and other industrial activities. For example smoke from factories, vehicles or burning of wood or others. The activities can release of sulphur dioxide and hazardous gases into the air cause global warming and acid rain in our place. Next ,According to the World Health Organisation, a billion people often smoke. Based on several clever studies (Estlund.B, 2017) it have shown that cigarette butts are the number one item littering U.S. roads. Smoking cigarettes releases the toxins that they contain. This pollution of air can harms human and animal life.The toxins that contain in the air can mix into the body and cause diseases. For certain pollutant may causes irritation of the nose, eyes, and throat. Besides, in the website (New Health Advisor, 2017) says that this is another reason why air pollution can be extremely dangerous because of ozone depletion. Ozone protects us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. Air pollution can damage that protective ozone layer and expose to all sorts of harmful radiation, that  is increasing risks of cataracts, skin cancer, and extensive exposure to UV rays can lead to acceleration of the aging process of your skin. There are many effects of pollution on this earth. Firstly, Global warming is caused by the emission of greenhouse gases. Its particularly CO2 is leading to global warming. Based on website (Timeforchange.org,2017) said that the emissions of CO2 have been increased within the last 50 years and are still increasing by almost 3% each year . This pollution created by burning fuels such as oil, natural gas, diesel, petrol, organic-petrol, ethanol. Secondly,environment degradation that increase in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and restrict sunlight from reaching to the earth.The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction defines environmental degradation as “the reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives, and needs”(Demirbas,2007). It occurs when earth’s natural resources are depleted and environment is compromised in the form of extinction of species, pollution in air, water and soil, and rapid growth in population. Next, effect of pollution also can harm human health. The decrease in quality of air leads to several respiratory problems including asthma or lung cancer. A recent article by (Miller,1926) as indicated by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) provided guidance on definitions of what constitutes and adverse effect of air pollution,air pollution was associated with many respiratory diseases . To prevent pollution is important to save our world and the most important to our health. Firstly, we must choose organically grown fruits and vegetables. For example, they avoid using chemical pesticides. Second,walk or ride your bike whenever possible. Stop using your car for short trips. For example we using our bicycle to go to the shop or an office. Next,recycle everything that you can. Almost everything that you buy can be recycled. For example, Marianne Williamson said that this entire planet is our home. We are the only species that systematically destroy our own habitat. (Soapboxie. 2012). Individuals create pollution and individuals can also put an end to many forms of pollution. This is harmful for people-especially children and elderly- and environment. To avoid air pollution, the emphasize is on reducing dependence on fossil fuels for energy and transportation, and changing habits. In conclusion,pollution can affects the nature and plants on which they are highly dependent for survival. It is crucial to control pollution as the nature, wildlife and human life are precious gifts to the mankind. Individuals create pollution and individuals can also put an end to many forms of pollution. The U.S. Energy Information Administration FAQ (EIA) shows that renewable totally produced 15% of energy in 2016. The present Environmental Planning has proposed the planning vision and objectives, together with a preliminary scheme for environmental functional districts. Besides, we must adopt a holistic view of nature that it is not an entity that exists separately from us such as the nature is us so ,we are an inalienable part of it, and we should take care for it in the most appropriate manner. Our earth is our home and lets take care it together.