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“SpringMun 2018- CSW position paper 

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A women’s gender is what causes her to face discrimination all over the world. She is most vulnerable to conflict-related sexual violence. A women/ girl at the same time, plays a key role in preserving her communities. While their economic and social responsibilities may increase in times of war they often are the agents of peace, leading movements that eventually bring the warring parties to the negotiation table. It is women who address root causes of a conflict by increasing the community buy-in and broaden the agenda. Despite all this, women are still often excluded from conflict resolution processes.

Canada believes that only once women are completely involved in the conflicts resolution, as well as in other security and peace efforts will sustainable peace be possible. A Women’s participation in resolution, conflict prevention and post-conflict state building presents opportunities to create gender transformative solutions. Their participation can lead to more gender equal, inclusive and peaceful societies. 

Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on a women’s security and peace was the first resolution that recognised the disproportionate and unique impact of armed conflict on women and girls. It urges the UN, Member States and other authorities to immediately address circumstances such as these 
Today, the women, peace and security agenda is comprehensive. It comprises eight sturdy resolutions, and calls upon the international community too among other things:
•      Support and further promote women’s active and meaningful participation in all conflict-resolution and conflict-prevention institutions,  mechanisms (formal and informal) and lastly mainstream a gender perspective into all peace and security activities and strategies, including in the following areas:
? peace negotiations
? relief and recovery aid management and planning
? peace operations, stabilisation missions, and counter-terrorism and prevention of violent extremism efforts
? reconciliation, transitional justice, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration, election processes, security sector reform, institution building, and political, social, and economic transformation efforts
• Promote and safeguard the human rights of women and girls and take special measures to protect them from sexual and gender-based violence in situations of armed conflict, including by:
? prosecuting perpetrators
? excluding sexual violence from amnesty provisions
? ensuring that survivors of sexual violence have equal protection under the law and access to justice
? increasing survivors’ access to health care, psychosocial support, and socio-economic reintegration services
? providing robust pre-deployment training on sexual exploitation and abuse to peace operation personnel
• Promote women’s equal access to relief and recovery distribution mechanisms and services and ensure that their specific needs are taken into account.
To date, 67 countries have established National Action Plans on Women, Peace and Security to advance this agenda. Canada launched its first National Action Plan in 2010 for the period 2011-2016. We have tabled five annual progress reports in Parliament. The plan emphasised:
• strengthening efforts to increase the participation of women and girls in all peace and security efforts
• protecting the human rights of women and girls
• ensuring women and girls have equal access to humanitarian and development assistance

On November 1, 2017, the Government of Canada launched Canada’s National Action Plan for the Implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security 2017-2022.  It is their second action plan, building on the first plan that existed from 2011-2016.

Their action plan provides a framework for a cohesive whole-of-government approach to implement this important agenda and ensures that our activities in fragile and conflict-affected states align with our broader commitments such as:
• gender equality
• empowerment of women and girls
• respect for women’s and girls’ human rights
• inclusion and respect for diversity

As part of the action plan, Canada will work to advance the women, peace and security agenda through all of its diplomatic and programming efforts. We make a specific commitment to ensure that gender perspectives are integrated in all peace and security efforts.

As part of the plan, gender perspectives will continue to be integrated into Canada’s contributions to peace operations, peace building, development and humanitarian assistance, and prevention and resolution of conflicts. 
In addition, Canada will use gender-based analysis plus tools to strengthen our capacity to integrate more targeted gender equality objectives into our activities around the world. We will also:
• support gender and diversity objectives when considering how to counter and prevent radicalisation to violence and violent extremism;
• manage international migration issues by supporting and protecting women and children who are migrating to Canada; and
• integrate gender perspectives when providing advice about  justice reform in fragile and conflict-affected states and in the investigation and prosecution of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

The Canadian government will monitor these actions by  implementing partners to develop the individual implementation plans to guide their activities. The plans will be updated to adapt to new challenges and changing situations on the ground.
An annual progress report on the implementation of the action plans will be tabled in Parliament.”