Identify Knowledge of Preventive Breast Cancer Screening in Low-income

Identify and describe a population
of interest to you.

 

Knowledge
of Preventive Breast Cancer Screening in Low-income Women

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According to the National Breast Cancer
Foundation(NBCF), breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women,
the second leading cause of death among women in the world and one in eight
women will be diagnosed with cancer in their life time, (2012). However, breast
cancer deaths are preventable when detected early and treated. Although death
from breast cancer has been declining since the 1990s due to increase in
knowledge, screening, early detection and improved treatment, it has not been
the case in low income women, (NBCF, 2012). My focus is on mammography as the
most effective preventive cancer screening tool, since “Regular mammography is the best tool available
to detect breast cancer in its earliest stages, availing opportunities for
effective life-saving treatment,” (American Cancer Society, 2011).

Studies
have demonstrated that there exists an inaccurate knowledge of breast cancer
screening among low income women around the world which leads to low screening
and consequently high breast cancer death among low income women in the world.

A study done in Kenya
showed that rural and urban low-income women said that they saw no reason to
have one’s breasts checked if they appeared healthy and were not painful. And
while most of the urban middle-income women were able to describe early detection
measures such as self-breast exam, clinical breast exam, mammography in detail
and even had experienced them, most urban low-income and rural women had heard
vague knowledge that such things existed, (Muthoni & Miller, 2009). Another
study conducted among low income Hispanics, native Americans and Caucasians in
Wyoming showed that they had a poor knowledge regarding breast cancer screening and believed that the absence of a family
history of breast cancer implied a low risk for breast cancer, therefore, no
need to get a mammogram. Some of the women