Freud described dreams as ‘the royal road to the

Freud described dreams as ‘the royal road to the unconscious’ and stated they contain information which is relevant to our conscious mind. In the dream state, the defence mechanisms are lowered, and this causes our repressed material to come through.The repressed material might be concealed and hidden within the dream. As dreams are visual, this material will manifest itself through the use of symbolism.Freud was quick to highlight these symbols are more personal and particular to the individual, rather than true universally. The symbol will mean different things to each person and therefore can only be truly interpreted by the person themselves. A person cannot interpret what the manifest content of a dream symbolized without knowing about the person’s circumstances. This is why dream dictionaries offended Freud. He did not believe that the imagery and symbolism in dreams could be boiled down to a few simple meanings. I agree with this as I believe dreams are complex and revealing. They reflect on an individual’s history, anxieties, hopes, morals and more. I believe they encompass our personalities and inner realities and can be used as a tool to identify causes of stress and burdens which weigh on our unconscious minds.  Freud split the content of dreams into two parts.  He believed the first is the manifest content of a dream. The manifest content is often influenced by the events prior to sleeping. To me, this reminds me of a chalkboard (our conscious mind) being cleared (as we sleep and become unconscious) but leaving some residue (the manifest content, our dreams.) Freud said the second part is the latent content, which is the symbolic meaning of the dream. This part is more concealed and therefore, Freud also described it as holding the underlying wish. Freud also explored Dream work. This is when the underlying wish moves into the manifest content. This allows the mind to convert the wish into a non-threatening state, meaning the individual will continue to sleep, as it eliminates tension.Dream work requires different methods and processes, such as condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration.Condensation is the joining of two or more ideas, symbols or images into one.Displacement is when the individual places their anxiety onto to something or someone else. Sometimes, the unconscious mind pieces together wish-fulfilling in a visual and logical order. This is secondary elaboration.