Because 2009). To a certain extent, the date prove

Because of the reason,
India won’t abolition the death penalty. Law Commission of India once declared
that taking into account the practical situation of India, the disparities in
social education and levels of morality and education, the country’s vast area
and demographic diversity, and the urgent need to preserve the rule of law and
social order, India could not risk experimenting with abolition of the death
penalty(Daniel 2016). Theories on criminal behavior provide an ambiguous
prediction regard-ing the impact of capital punishment. On the one hand, the
threat of the death penalty may operate to increase the expected costs of
murder and thus reduce incentives to engage in homicidal behavior. On the other
hand, executions may stimulate more homicides by validating the social
acceptability of re-tributive actions (Shepherd, 2005). But we can use some
date to prove that the death penalty can decrease crime rate. According the research
conclusion of professor Ehrlich in 1975 of the relationship between murder rate
and death penalty execution between 1935 and 1969 in the US, The higher the
execution rate, the lower the murder rate; one extra execution of death penalty
in the crime peak season a year might reduce seven to eight murders on average(Zhang 2009). Conclusion of Professor Stephen Layson drawn by analyzing
murder statistics in the two time periods from 1936 to 1977 and from 1934 to
1986 using Ehrlich’s approach in 1985 was as follows: there was negative
correlation between murder rate and arrest rate, and between the conviction and
the possibility of execution after such conviction, that is, with the increase
of probability of these penalty variables, murder rate dropped; at the same
time, the exchange value of the estimated penalty variables was as follows:
Every execution of death penalty could reduce 8.5 to 28 murders(Zhang 2009). To a certain extent, the date prove that the death penalty
make crime rate be lower.

The death penalty is
necessary for country and more people support for remaining death penalty. Ones
of reason why some people want to abolish it is that they think abolition of
the death penalty has become a world trend and abolition of the death penalty
is an essential task for a democratic and inclusive country. They think that
more than half the countries in the world have already abolished it. However
other people disagree with them. Why there are opposed results which arise from
the same date? The first result that more than half the countries have already
abolished the death penalty has been accepted widely. It was put forward by
Roger Hood(2007) of Oxford University, who observed those countries that had
abolished capital punishment made up a substantial majority: 127 countries, or
65% of the total, have legally abolished the death penalty, while 68, or 35% of
the total, retain it and actually execute or intend to execute some of those
sentenced to death.The other result is more than half the countries in the world
have retained the death penalty and it has stated by Chinese government. In
answering a question posed by a German journalist on the topic of the death
penalty at a press conference at the Third Session of the Tenth National
People’s Congress on March 14, 2005, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao
emphasized,”China”s current conditions do not permit us to abolish the
death  penalty. As far as I know, more
than half the countries in the world uphold the death penalty. However, we will
use our institutions to ensure that every death sentence is imposed fairly and
with great caution(Anonymous 2005).” That is to say, the Chinese government thinks
that over more countries have remain the death penalty.
From the demographic perspective, however many countries may have abolished
the death penalty, so long as the United States, China, Japan, India and other
populous countries retain it, it remains in force in areas whose cumulative
population amounts to more than half the world total of 6.5 billion (in 2006).
The population of just ten of the countries that have retained the death
penalty – China, India, the United States, Japan, Pakistan, Indonesia, Vietnam,
Iran, South Korea and Thailand – is already over 3.3 billion(Yu 2009). In Europe, the abolitionist movement has swept over
all countries except Belarus, making Europe “a region free from capital
punishment(Hood 2007).” Europe is made up of forty-five countries and regions,
representing 23% of the world’s countries, but has a population of 790 million,
or only 16.7% of the world’s population(Yu 2009). It
is obvious that the number of country which abolish death penalty can show that
abolition is a world trend. As the top countries, China, Japan, America and
Russia both remain death penalty. Remain death penalty is a wise decision.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

In short, the death
penalty helps society become stable and it can’t replace other punishment to
punish people who murder deliberately. As well as abolition of the death
penalty can’t be regarded a world trend. So the death penalty is necessary and
it should Exist.