1. critical thinking, such as: a. Definitions b. Ambiguity

1.       Language
has been around for thousands of years, used to communicate with each other
everyday in some sort of form. It has changed dramatically over the years and
is used differently around the world. In the United States, we speak in the
English language, while in China, they speak Chinese, it’s various from place
to place. It is estimated that there is a total of 6000 languages around the
world according to linguists, but that number is still uncertain. (Language,
2016).  

2.       Words
can have a lot of meaning, either being negative, positive, and even a person’s
tone can influence critical thinking. Language can often be misunderstood when
communicating with others which can either be the truth, a lie, or even
misleading. There are several factors that can be used in the language that can
impact critical thinking, such as:

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a.       Definitions         

b.      Ambiguity

c.       Choice
of Words

d.      False
Implications

3.      
Definitions:

a.      
Defining yourself is important, if you provide a
good definition, this can lead to less misunderstands, while if you provide a
poor definition, it could confuse a person. (Carroll, 2004). So, if you wanted
to explain something to someone, a person should be sure that they understand
it to avoid further complications and to make the other person understand their
meaning. Definitions can also be too wide or too narrow if they aren’t used
correctly and can cause further complications.

4.      
Ambiguity

a.      
Ambiguity can cause misunderstandings or have
different meanings behind a person’s words. So, for example, if someone was to
say, “That was such a terrible war”, you wouldn’t know which war they were
talking about. This would make you try to figure out what they met by that
statement, and further confuse a person. This however isn’t always a bad think,
in fact, it encourages people to think more critically and stimulates a person’s
interest into finding out the solution. (Brecke & Jensen, 2007).

5.      
Choice of Words

a.      
If you were talking to a friend and they said
that something was big, and another person said it was ginormous, this could be
a little confusing. Big does mean that something is large, but ginormous is
considered even larger or enormous. Words are able to stimulate a person’s
thoughts and feelings, but words can also fail to do so as well. (Carroll,
2004). Not only does the choice of words help to communicate properly, it can
also reduce certain errors or miscommunication.

6.      
False Implications

a.      
False implications can occur if someone says
something that they believe is true, but in fact it is false. An example that
many of us know is grocery products, such as the ones that are labeled 100%
fruit. Many of us now know that isn’t the case and they are in fact false. So,
the language is clear and can be accurate, but at the same time it can be
misleading since it implies something is in fact false. (Carroll, 2004).

7.      
There are other factors that can impact critical
thinking when it comes to language, and with those comes some challenges. One
such challenge is culture, as mentioned, there are more than 6000 languages
spoken around the world. This can prove to be a challenge because we all can’t
speak each and every one of those languages. Even words themselves can present
a challenge because each word can have a different meaning. Critical thinkers
will try to understand what the problem is and how to solve it, but if the
wrong words are used, it can further complicate matters. Another challenge that
can occur are lack of facts, not enough information, or the information given
to you is either false or true.

8.      
Solutions

a.      
Be truthful so the receiver of the messaged
doesn’t get confused

b.      
Don’t lie about the message you are telling
something, this can cause further complications

c.      
Be informative and give the correct facts on the
matter

d.      
Choosing the correct words, meaning choose your
words wisely and don’t complicate the situation further

e.      
Provide the correct definition on the matter

f.       
Make sure that the receiver understands what you
are telling them

g.      
Understand the receiver as they might have
cultural differences than you.

h.      
Work together and communicate properly to solve
a problem

9.      
Decision making impacts

a.      
When faced with a problem, a person has to make
a choice in what to do, meaning a decision must be made. Language can influence
decision making, either being an unwise decision or a good one, it depends on
the language being used. Decision making is highly influence by the language
structure when facing a problem, where sometimes fast-to-slow thinking can
cause poorly made choices. (Deckert, 2015). This is also used to further inform
or persuade a person into making certain decisions.

10.  
Conclusion

a.      
Language can have an impact on critical thinking
and decision making. For critical thinkers, it’s important to understand what
is being told and how to perceive the message. Are the definitions being used
correctly and do you understand those words? It’s hard to tell sometimes if
someone is giving you the correct information as well, and can also have false
implications being what is being said. However, there are several solutions to
avoid miscommunication and further complications, such as choosing the correct
choice of words. It is also important that the message is understood by
everyone to avoid any conflicts or other complications. Also, a person might
not really understand what you are say or what you mean because of cultural
differences. Decision making can

also be influenced by language, either to face a problem or to help
persuade a person.